Xampp For Linux


Welcome to the Linux version of XAMPP
(on x86-compatible processors)

By the way: In the past this software was called LAMPP but to avoid misconceptions we renamed it to »XAMPP for Linux«. So if you are seeking for LAMPP you’re on the right track.😉

If you encounter any problems with XAMPP please feel free to get in touch with us. This will help us to improve XAMPP and make it more useful for everybody.

Jump-off point

Pictures of XAMPP for Linux

Installation in 4 Steps

Step 1: Download
Step 2: Installation
Step 3: Start
Step 4: Test

READ ME

A matter of security (A MUST READ!)
PHP 4 or PHP 5?
Advanced start and stop parameters
What is where?
Stopping XAMPP
Uninstall

* Pictures of XAMPP for Linux

As the old saying goes, a picture is worth a thousand words. Here you can take a look at some screen shots of a XAMPP installation.

Installation in 4 Steps


* Step 1: Download

Simply click on one of the links below. It’s a good idea to get the latest version.🙂

A complete list of downloads (older versions) is available at SourceForge.

A detailed overview over the changes and contents of all XAMPP releases is available in the RELEASE NOTES.

XAMPP Linux 1.6.7 59 MB Apache 2.2.9, MySQL 5.0.51b, PHP 5.2.6 & 4.4.8 & PEAR + SQLite 2.8.17/3.3.17 + multibyte (mbstring) support, Perl 5.10.0, ProFTPD 1.3.1, phpMyAdmin 2.11.7, OpenSSL 0.9.8h, GD 2.0.1, Freetype2 2.1.7, libjpeg 6b, libpng 1.2.12, gdbm 1.8.0, zlib 1.2.3, expat 1.2, Sablotron 1.0, libxml 2.6.31, Ming 0.3, Webalizer 2.01, pdf class 009e, ncurses 5.8, mod_perl 2.0.4, FreeTDS 0.63, gettext 0.11.5, IMAP C-Client 2004e, OpenLDAP (client) 2.3.11, mcrypt 2.5.7, mhash 0.8.18, eAccelerator 0.9.5.3, cURL 7.18.2, libxslt 1.1.8, phpSQLiteAdmin 0.2, libapreq 2.08, FPDF 1.53, XAMPP Control Panel 0.6
MD5 checsum: 84c9e3543e5367cbe40bffa18f0e82d9
Upgrade 1.6.6 to 1.6.7 20 MB Upgrade package. How to upgrade?
MD5 checksum: 81c9f6b4bec34427f68587c6a818ed96
Development package 28 MB The development package contains all files you need if you want to compile other software packages for XAMPP by yourself and the Unix manual pages. Install this package like the normal XAMPP distribution:
tar xvfz xampp-linux-devel-1.6.7.tar.gz -C /opt
MD5 checksum: 32a31601d6a35d7b60d6e984cfe5ffa4

Attention: If you download these files on a Windows system and you’re running McAfee virus scanner you may get a false positive virus warning. This is a problem with McAfee and gzip-compressed files, it should be ignored.

* Step 2: Installation

After downloading simply type in the following commands:

  1. Go to a Linux shell and login as the system administrator root:

    su

  2. Extract the downloaded archive file to /opt:

    tar xvfz xampp-linux-1.6.7.tar.gz -C /opt

    Warning: Please use only this command to install XAMPP. DON’T use any Microsoft Windows tools to extract the archive, it won’t work.

    Warning 2: already installed XAMPP versions get overwritten by this command.

That’s all. XAMPP is now installed below the /opt/lampp directory.

* Step 3: Start

To start XAMPP simply call this command:

/opt/lampp/lampp start

You should now see something like this on your screen:

Starting XAMPP 1.6.7...
LAMPP: Starting Apache...
LAMPP: Starting MySQL...
LAMPP started.

Ready. Apache and MySQL are running.

If you get any error messages please take a look at the Linux FAQ.

* Step 4: Test

OK, that was easy but how can you check that everything really works? Just type in the following URL at your favourite web browser:

http://localhost

Now you should see the start page of XAMPP containing some links to check the status of the installed software and some small programming examples.

The Instant Art example: A small PHP/GD program (since 0.9.6pre1 also a flashy PHP/Ming example, see screenshot). Thanks to Anke Arnold for her font »AnkeCalligraph«.

READ ME


* A matter of security (A MUST READ!)

As mentioned before, XAMPP is not meant for production use but only for developers in a development environment. The way XAMPP is configured is to be open as possible and allowing the developer anything he/she wants. For development environments this is great but in a production environment it could be fatal.

Here a list of missing security in XAMPP:

  1. The MySQL administrator (root) has no password.
  2. The MySQL daemon is accessible via network.
  3. ProFTPD uses the password “lampp” for user “nobody”.
  4. PhpMyAdmin is accessible via network.
  5. Examples are accessible via network.
  6. MySQL and Apache running under the same user (nobody).

To fix most of the security weaknesses simply call the following command:

/opt/lampp/lampp security

It starts a small security check and makes your XAMPP installation more secure.

* PHP 4 or PHP 5?

Because such very new versions like PHP 5 always should be handled with care we decided to include both current versions of PHP into XAMPP since version 1.4.7: PHP 5.x and PHP 4.x. If you find out your PHP application doesn’t work with PHP 5 you will be able to switch back easily to PHP 4.

By the following command you can switch “back” to PHP 4.x:

/opt/lampp/lampp php4

And with the following command you can switch back to PHP 5.x:

/opt/lampp/lampp php5

If you forgot which version of PHP is in use simply use phpinfo() or call this command:

/opt/lampp/lampp phpstatus


* Advanced start and stop parameters

Until version 0.9.4 /opt/lampp/lampp could only start and stop XAMPP. Since version 0.9.5 it learned a lot of new things to do.

START AND STOP PARAMETERS

start Starts XAMPP.
stop Stops XAMPP.
restart Stops and starts XAMPP.
startapache Starts only the Apache.
startssl Starts the Apache SSL support. This command activates the SSL support permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future SSL will stay activated.
startmysql Starts only the MySQL database.
startftp Starts the ProFTPD server. Via FTP you can upload files for your web server (user “nobody”, password “lampp”). This command activates the ProFTPD permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future FTP will stay activated.
stopapache Stops the Apache.
stopssl Stops the Apache SSL support. This command deactivates the SSL support permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future SSL will stay deactivated.
stopmysql Stops the MySQL database.
stopftp Stops the ProFTPD server. This command deactivates the ProFTPD permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future FTP will stay deactivated.
security Starts a small security check programm.

For example: To start Apache with SSL support simply type in the following command (as root):

/opt/lampp/lampp startssl

You can also access your Apache server via SSL under https://localhost.

* What is where?

What is where? A big question of our existens, here are some answers!😉

IMPORTANT FILES AND DIRECTORIES

/opt/lampp/bin/ The XAMPP commands home. /opt/lampp/bin/mysql calls for example the MySQL monitor.
/opt/lampp/htdocs/ The Apache DocumentRoot directory.
/opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf The Apache configuration file.
/opt/lampp/etc/my.cnf The MySQL configuration file.
/opt/lampp/etc/php.ini The PHP configuration file.
/opt/lampp/etc/proftpd.conf The ProFTPD configuration file. (since 0.9.5)
/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php The phpMyAdmin configuration file.


* Stopping XAMPP

To stop XAMPP simply call this command:

/opt/lampp/lampp stop

You should now see:

Stopping LAMPP 1.6.7...
LAMPP: Stopping Apache...
LAMPP: Stopping MySQL...
LAMPP stopped.

And XAMPP for Linux is stopped.

* Uninstall

To uninstall XAMPP just type in this command:

rm -rf /opt/lampp

The end.


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